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Sri Lanka

“Ayubowan”

“Ayubowan” (may you be blessed with long life). It’s a pleasure for me to welcome you by the age- old greeting of our people.

Sri Lanka lies in the Indian Ocean off the southern coast of India. Because it's titled as the“Pearl of Indian Ocean”an island of tiny area approximately 65,610sq.km. It lies between 5º 55’ and 9º 55 ‘north of the equator and between the eastern longitudes 79º 42’ and 81º 52’.

Sri Lanka is a lovely tropical island and a paradise for sightseeing. You may be surprised by its amazing diversity of scenery. Sooner or later every visitor finds his way to the most important travel destinations like Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Colombo, Galle, Kandy, Jaffna and Trincomalee and its possible for them to pass variation of greens from bright green paddy fields to beautiful, big rain forests abound in a variety of wildlife. Also the sun bronzed beaches, ancient cities, small lively villages and breathtaking hill country atmosphere with tea plantations. The sights are most abundant in the hill country. All of the highest mountains are there. From these lovely mountains flow the many rivers of Sri Lanka. The longest is the “Mahaweli”. Where there hills and rivers there are also waterfalls tumbling from lush mountain slopes. In fact, all that spectacular scenery can be seen in the course of a three to four hour dive from Colombo through the road and railway network of the country.

Bright, Sunny warm days are the rule and are common even during the height of the monsoon. Climatically Sri Lanka has no off-season. The southwest monsoon brings rain mainly from May to July to the western, southern and central regions of the island, while the northeast monsoon rains occur in the northern and eastern regions between December and January.

Sri Lanka has a proud history over 2500 years. The earliest recorded civilization dates back to 380 BC when Anuradhapura was established as the first capital city by the King, Vijaya arrived from North India. Following the advent of Buddhism in the 3rd Century BC, the influence of Indo-Aryan culture took root. It produced the great cities with “dagabas”, temples, pleasure gardens, rich art and architecture and the gigantic irrigation works, many of which are still help feed the people of Sri Lanka today and providing homes to many kinds of aquatic birds and flowers in Sri Lanka as well.

When we move further into Sri Lanka’s history we can find the Colonial era from the beginning of 16th century was a period of nearly five hundred years during which the island came under the control and influence of the Portuguese, Dutch and British. During the period of this colonial administration there was a huge impact on its society. Instead of the general Sinhala Buddist society the island became a multiethnic society where the people of different races and faiths. The majority are Sinhalese who are Buddists , while among minorities are Tamils mainly Hindus are the largest , followed by the Moors who follow Islam and Burghers descended Portugese and Dutch who are Christians. According to the recent records there are Nearly 74% of Sinhalese, 18% of Tamils, 8% of Moors, Malays and Burghers, but communication will rarely be a problem in Sri Lanka because English is widely spoken in all parts of the country. Official languages are Sinhala, Tamil and English.

Sri Lanka is a land of religious freedom and tolerance. Wherever you travel you will come a cross a Buddhist temple or dagaba, a Hindu kovil, a Christian church or a mosque, each with its own distinctive architecture. When visiting holy places please conform to the requirements as do not dress in order to show disrespect.

Buddhism is the main religion of Sri Lanka where it was officially introduced in the third century B.C. during the reign of king Devanam Piyatissa, a contemporary of the last great emperor of India, the king Asoka. Asoka sent Venerable Mahindha, who was his son as the first Buddhist missionaries. Thereafter, Buddhism was a significant facet of life in ancient Sri Lanka. It had an impact on the island both in its socio-cultural and socio-economic affairs and it became the state religion. Still Its comes under one of the main responsibilities for leaders of the country to protect and preserve Buddhism. Buddhism is a practical system of psychological and philosophical ethics taught to humanity by the Indian prince Siddhartha Gauthama.

To the Buddhists, all over the world, Vesak is the most scared religious season. The Three great events, boning, achieved supreme enlightenmernt and passed away in grate demise. associated with the life of the Buddha, took place on Vesak full-moon day. The staple practices of the devotees during the vesak season that’s during the month of may take on a religious character. The devotees gather at scared sites and observe the percepts of Buddhism.

When we brief you about our country’s economy, it’s traditionally been based on agriculture. The Chief crop is rice, which the country is all most parent-sufficient. Spices such as cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg pepper cloves have been age old exports. As were precious stones and natural pearls. Tea rubber and coconut are also important agricultural crops, with tea being a major foreign exchange earner.

The new thrust in the economy is on export and import based industry. Agriculture is now being revived. Non-traditional exports like garments, seafood, foliage, cut flowers, ornamental tropical fish and value added agro industries have contributed well to country’s economy for recent years. Also fruits and vegetables native to both tropical and temperate regions grow well in Sri Lanka.

There are many opportunities for foreign investments, with almost all exchange controls relaxed with many intensives. Free Trade Zones, wide spread education and high literacy level of 80% , a competitive business environment & capital market haven made Sri Lanka as an attractive country to foreign investors in the past decades.

Although well on the road to development and modernization, the country and its people still cherish most of their traditional values and take pride of their rich culture. A description of Sri Lanka would not be complete with out mentioning the hospitality of our people, they warmly extend to friends, relatives and even to total strangers. Visitors to Sri Lanka are fortunate enough to experience warm receptions and the friendship of the people all over the country in addition to its beauty and diversity of scenery.


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